“At their beginning in the 1830s, the main duty of these institutions was to teach freed slaves to read and write. Today, there are more than 100 Historically Black Colleges and Universities in the United States, which have evolved and grown over the last 75 years. HBCUs offer African American students graduate and post-graduate degrees and a setting to nurture their soul, get a sense of identity, learn their heritage, and find a place in their community” (African American Registry, 1994).

HBCUs and other Predominantly Black Institutions (PBIs) of higher education continue to be the

primary social conduit through which future generations of African-American youth will be

prepared to meet the challenges of the 21 st Century. The following sample reference material

represents a very brief, but hopefully insightful view, of both their socio-historical evolution and

current potentialities.

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Attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities

The history and importance of the HBCU experience by Elwood Robinson